Introduction. A subject and tasks of biochemistry. Physical and chemical bases of biochemical processes. Structure of proteins. Structural organization and properties of proteins Interaction of proteins with ligands as a basis of functioning of proteins. The active center. Interrelation of structure and function proteins.
LECTURE 5: .- gr.- Carbohydrates: structure, biological role, classification. Digestion and absorption of food carbohydrates. Synthesis and catabolism of glycogen. Regulation of glucose storage and mobilization.
Lipids: structure, biorole, classification. Digestion of lipids and
absorption of products of digestion in the gastrointestinal tract.
Transport of lipids, lipoproteins. Storage and mobilization of fats in
adipose tissue. Regulation.
Common pathway of amino acids. Deamination. Kinds of direct
deamination. Oxidases of amino acids and glutamate dehydrogenase.
Synthesis and degradation of glutamine. Transamination of amino
acids Utilization of ammonia in urea cycle and removing of urea.
Decarboxylation of amino acids. Biorole of biogenic amines.
Polyamines. Degradation of biogenic amines. Metabolism of
phenylalanine and tyrosine. Hereditary defects of phenylalanine
catabolism (alcaptonuria and phenylketoneuria).